COVID-19 Information

3D Ultrasound Study


Formal Study Name 

Electronic Cigarettes During Pregnancy: Impact on Fetal Development

Study Information

This study investigates how mothers' behaviors and feelings during pregnancy (including use of electronic cigarettes [e-cigs/vapes/JUULs]) influence babies' behaviors and brain development. Participants complete interviews, questionnaires and up to three non-diagnostic 3D ultrasounds over the course of their pregnancy. Participants are compensated for their time and receive DVDs of the ultrasounds.

Although prior studies have shown effects of maternal smoking on behavioral deficits (ADHD, disruptive behavior) in older offspring, less is known about effects of maternal electronic cigarette use on fetal neural development or fetal and infant behavior.


Contact Information

If you are interested in learning more about the 3D Ultrasound Study, please send us your name, phone number, email address, and the best time to reach you. Someone will get in touch to answer any questions you may have and to see if you are eligible for the study. You may also contact the study directly by calling (401) 286-6139 or by emailing

Eligibility Criteria

  • Pregnant women who use and do not use electronic cigarettes (e-cigs/vapes/JUULs, etc.).
  • 18-40 years old.
  • Singleton pregnancy.
  • No major medical complications.

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Up to $450; participants receive ultrasound DVDs and pictures.

Meet the Team

Principal Investigator: Laura Stroud, PhD


Learn more about terms and conditions of this study


Women & Infants

Area of Study

Recruitment Status