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If you are interested in learning more about the 3D Ultrasound Study, please send us your name, phone number and the best time to reach you. Someone will get in touch to answer any questions you may have, and to see if you're eligible for the study!

Formal Study Name

Fetal Behavior, Brain & Stress Response: Ultrasound Markers of Maternal Smoking

Study Information

This study investigates how mothers' behaviors and feelings during pregnancy (including smoking) influence babies' behaviors and brain development. Participants complete interviews, questionnaires and up to three non-diagnostic 3D ultrasounds over the course of their pregnancy. Participants are compensated for their time and receive DVDs of the ultrasounds.

Although prior studies have shown effects of maternal smoking on behavioral deficits (ADHD, disruptive behavior) in older offspring, less is known about effects of maternal smoking on fetal neural development or fetal and infant behavior.

Contact Information

If you are interested in learning more about our study, call us at 401-793-8120 or email us at

Eligibility Criteria

  • Smoking and non-smoking pregnant women.
  • 18-40 years old.
  • Singleton pregnancy.
  • No major medical complications.


Up to $300; participants receive ultrasound DVDs and pictures.

Meet the Team

Principal Investigator: Laura Stroud, PhD

Women & Infants

Area of Study

Recruitment Status

Recruitment End Date